Black pepper oil may help reduce cravings for cigarettes and symptoms of anxiety in smokers quitting smoking. A 1994 study published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence found that black pepper oil can reduce some smoking withdrawal symptoms, including cravings for cigarettes. Just under 50 cigarette smokers participated in a three-hour session conducted after not smoking overnight. The participants were divided into three groups: One group of smokers puffed on a fake cigarette that delivered black pepper essential oil, a second group used a fake cigarette with a mint/menthol cartridge and a third group had a device with an empty cartridge. After puffing and inhaling from the devices throughout the session, the group using the black pepper reported significantly fewer cravings for actual cigarettes relative to each of the two control groups.
In addition, negative effects and symptoms of anxiety were alleviated in the black pepper group. This study suggests that black pepper essential oil is useful in alleviating smoking withdrawal symptoms and may prove useful in smoking cessation treatment. Black pepper oil is also among the best essential oils for anxiety and nervous conditions.
To reduce cigarette cravings, diffuse black pepper oil or inhale it directly from the bottle when having a craving.